India

Parliament proceedings live | With 97% jobs in private sector, where will you implement this reservation, asks BSP member

The Monsoon Session is in its concluding week and the Opposition remains relentless in its demand for a discussion on the Pegasus surveillance issue and farm laws.

The Rajya Sabha is scheduled to discuss The General Insurance Business (Nationalisation) Amendment Bill, 2021, while the Lok Sabha will take up The Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty-Seventh Amendment) Bill, 2021, among others, that the Opposition said it will support and discuss after a meeting at Leader of Opposition Mallikarjun Kharge’s office.

Here are the latest updates:

Lok Sabha | 2.20 pm

Time for reservation in private sector?

Ritesh Pandey (BSP) says Mayawati considers OBCs as their own. So we are supporting the Bill. He accuses the government of double standards. Most jobs are contractual or private. Where will you implement this reservation, he asks.

He terms the Bill is intended to win Uttar Pradesh elections. Treasury Benches object to it. Mr. Pandey accuses the government of indulging in caste politics. When a member raises Mr. Pandey’s caste, he says yes, I am a Brahmin, I am an Indian and I stand with the Dalits and underprivileged.

He fires more salvo at BJP. He accuses the party of flaring up communal tensions and removing opportunities of under priivileged.

Rajya Sabha | 2.15 pm

Rajya Sabha discusses agrarian crisis

The House is currently having a short duration discussion on the agricultural problems and solutions. Opposition MPs are raising slogans.

Prasanna Acharya, BJD, Odisha is speaking. His comments on the same are inaudible because of the protests. Mr. Acharya notes that though agricultural production in the country has increased the income of the farmers has not.

NSSO survey hasn’t conducted any survey on income per agricultural household since 2013. He adds that Kisan Nidhi Scheme covers 80-90 million farmers against a target of 140 million farmers. Mentions that the government should implement the Swaminathan report.

House is adjourned for 15 minutes.

Lok Sabha | 2.10 pm

Supriya Sule’s four questions to the Centre

NCP MP Supriya Sule thanks the government for sharing the empirical data on 2011 caste census. She wants to reconfirm this. She also requests the government to consider removing ceiling of quota.

Creamy layer limit is reviewed every three years. Ms. Sule asks if this was revised and implemented. How many times have you reviewed in seven years?

On EWS reservation, she asks if any social audit was taken after implementing the same.

What about Dhangar reservation? The then Maharashtra CM promised Dhangar reservation, but a woman legislator from their party opposed it. What is the status now?

She uses her time to request the government to reduce fuel prices and provide covid vaccines to children too.

Rajya Sabha | 2.00 pm

Rajya Sabha is in session.

Congress member Jairam Ramesh points out that his calling attention motion which was on repealling of farm laws is converted to a short duration discussion on a general topic of agricultural problems and situation without a sense of the house. Mr.  Ramesh raises concern over the same.

The House is currently having a short duration discussion on the agricultural problems and solutions. Opposition MPs are raising slogans.

Lok Sabha | 2.00 pm

Ramesh Chandra Majhi (BJD) also supports the Bill. He uses the time to narrate the initiatives of Odisha government for the under previleged.

B.B. Patil, a TRS MP also supports the Bill. He reminds the government that it is yet to approve Telangana’s amended list of backward classes.

LJP member Prince Raj says reservation was first taken in Poona Pact. He recalls the contribution of the late Ram Vilas Paswan in implementing Mandal Commission. He hopes the reservation issues in Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Gujarat will end with this Bill.

Lok Sabha | 1.50 pm

Bhupendra Yadav defends govt earlier amendment

Minister Bhupendra Yadav reminds the Congress didn’t implement the Kaka Kalelkar Commission. The Congress didn’t bring reservation for the OBCs. It was Atal Bihari Vajpayee government which increased the creamy layer limit.

As he targets Congress, the opposition members object to it.

Mr. Yadav continues. When the 102nd amendment was brought in 2018, the government’s intent was that both at the central and State level, the OBC lists would be maintained. The Central government did not want to take away the State government’s power to maintain its own list of OBCs. The same arguments were made in the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court’s judgment, taking away the States power, is not consensus based. Mr. Yadav quotes the observations of two of the judges, which stated that the government intent of the 102nd amendment was not to take away the State power.

Member N.K. Premachandran intervenes, says the Opposition had cautioned  the government that the 102nd amendment took away the powers of the States.

Labour Minister Bhupendra Yadav says he has quoted to judges to establish that the government’s intention was not to take away the States’ power through 102nd amendment. All parties have now come together to restore it.

Lok Sabha | 1.35 pm

Rajiv Ranjan Singh (Lalan) (JD-U) also supports the Bill He however differs with the view of other speakers on the earlier Amendment. He says the 102nd Constitution Amendment Act gave constitutional status to National Commission of Backward Classes.

Lok Sabha | 1.30 pm

The issue with Maratha reservation

A number of MPs raised the issue of removing 50% ceiling on reservation and quoted the Indra Sawhney verdict. What is it about?

The Indra Sawhney case, better known as Mandal verdict had declared that reservation cannot exceed 50% in total.

Any judgment on the Maratha reservation issue would inevitably have to deal with three issues — the 50% ceiling on total reservation, the power of States to determine who its backward classes are and confer benefits on them, and the legislative competence of State legislatures regarding backward classes after the introduction of the 102nd Amendment.

The present Bill is likely to cater the last two points.

Lok Sabha | 1.20 pm

Raut speaks in favour of Maratha reservation

Vinayak Raut (Shiv Sena) speaks in Marathi. He says he wants to speak in Marathi on the Maratha reservation limbo. He says the government brought this bill after Supreme Court hit out the Centre on the policy.

He slams the Central government for not supporting the State in Supreme Court, which he claims stalled the Maratha reservation.

He appreciates Mr. Chowdhury’s speech.

The Marathas and Gurjars deserve reservation. The Centre should help them, he says. About 15 States want to do away 50% limit. Only Tamil Nadu assured it by adding it to the Ninth Schedule, he says.

Lok Sabha | 1.10 pm

Conduct caste-based census: YSR Congress MP

B. Chandrashekar (YSR Congress) supports the Bill. He recalls how there was no reservation for OBCs in All India Quota for medical education. After four years, the government has decided to bring this quota back. He thanks the government for this.

He also asks the government to add caste-based census while conducting the exercise.

Lok Sabha | 1.00 pm

States shouldn’t be gagged: TMC

Sudip Bandhopadhyay (TMC) supports the Bill. Had government agreed to debate Pegasus, the Parliament would have functioned smoothly like now, he says. 30 Bills have been bulldozed within 10 minutes. Only 11% Bills were scrutinised by committees, he says.

Please talk about the Bill, says the Chair.

The Bill says it is being with a view to maintain the federal structure of the country. But today, its voice is being gagged, he says.

Just like the people voted for you, they voted for us. You have to respect that, he says.

Treasury Benches object to his speech. The Chair remarks, just like you (Opposition) they (government) are protesting now.

Mr. Bandhopadhyay says the State OBC commission were made meaningless because of an earlier amendment. It is being negated now.

Trinamool is supporting a BJP Bill. Why don’t you applaud it, he asks pointing to the Treasury benches. Members chuckle.

Lok Sabha | 12.50 pm

Baalu recalls DMK’s role in reservation

T.R. Baalu (DMK) also raises the issue of removing the ceiling. He says he profusely thanks the government for bringing the Bill.

He recalls the contribution of Tamil Nadu leaders leaders Natasen, Pitti Thyagarajan, Periyar, Anna, and others. He also recalls the towering contribution of Karunanidhi who spearheaded cooperative federalism.

Delving deep into the history of reservation he recalls the contribution of Kamaraj and Nehru. V.P. Singh implemented Mandal Commission and that is how the 27% reservation for OBCs came into effect.

On 17.9.1988, Karunanidhi had talked about provision for reservation in education and jobs. this amendment is a good beginning and at the same time, the ceiling should be removed for reservation to the OBC. The government should bring caste census, so far they have not undertaken, for proper data on OBC.

Lok Sabha | 12.40 pm

‘Cabinet has highest number of OBC ministers’

Sanghamitra Maurya (BJP) accuses the Congress of bringing NEET in a bid to cancel the reservation. The NEET is based on NCERT syllabus and the poor don’t read this syllabus, she says.

She reminds the Congress that the people have rejected them and hence they are losing elections.

She claims “her people” are remembered only during elections. After this Act, the representation of OBCs will increase. She lauds the Cabinet for having highest representation of OBCs.

Lok Sabha | 12.30 pm

On Maratha reservation

Now, Mr. Chowdhury elaborates on Maratha reservation. They are not upper castes but belong to agrarian community. The Democratic Front came up with a reservation for the Marathas and Muslims. After a legal battle, the quota was struck down.

A fresh Bill was passed and even this is in limbo, he says. He narrates how poor the community is.

Again citing Indira Sawhney case, he says the court said that 50% can be the rule, but exception can be made in certain extraordinary situations.

You brought 10% reservation for EWS in a hurry. In the same manner, bring another Bill to remove the ceiling, he says in his concluding remarks.

Rajya Sabha | 12.30 pm

 

In Rajya Sabha, Question Hour continues despite sloganeering.

Bharati Pravin Pawar, MoS Health and Family Welfare says the government is building medical facilities and is committed to help fasten cancer detection across the country.

Mahesh Poddar, BJP, Jharkhand asks if there is a centralised examination in place for recruitment for AIIMS. He mentions that this was one of the reccomendations by the Standing Committee.

CM Ramesh, BJP, Andhra Pradesh inquires about the impact of COVID-19 on public sector enterprises (textiles, consumer goods, fertilisers and chemicals, engineering goods and pharmaceuticals). Inquires about the effect of employment in these enterprises.

Bhagwat Kishanrao Karad, MoS Finance says profit has reduced and so has labour power.

Syed Zafar Islam, BJP, Uttar Pradesh asks whether ministry has undertaken any research to understand why the market capitalisation of public sector undertakings is at rock bottom compared to private sector since it is the best source of growth capital in the country.

MoS Finance says the evaluation is done regularly and suggestions and steps are given to the 84 loss making CPSUs.

House adjourned till 2 pm

Lok Sabha | 12.25 pm

Remove ceiling for quota:  Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury

Congress floor leader Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury says many States want to increase the ceiling of reservation. He cites the example of Tamil Nadu, its social movement that led to reservation.

Castiesm is responsible for reservation in the country. These sections have been historically supressed and reservation is an affirmative action to uplift them, he says.

Mr. Chowdhury also cities the example of Jyotirao Phule.

Mr. Chowdhury now speaks on Maratha reservation. He requests the Union government to consider Maharashtra’s demands.

But, you have brute majority, so you thought that you could do whatever you wanted to..however, when the States started raising their voice, you realised your actions were incorrect. Now, in the light of UP, Uttarakhand polls, you have decided to do all this…still, we support the amendment, but also demand that owing to cases like Indra Sawhney case, a ceiling of 50% has been given. This ceiling should be removed, which has been demanded by States like Maharashtra, he says.

Lok Sabha | 12.15 pm

Bill corrects earlier wrong: Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury

Congress floor leader Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury says they are participating in the debate only because this is an important Bill and the voting of 3/4th members are needed. The government repeatedly blames us for stalling the parliament. We are here to narrate the plight of people, that is why we are demonstrating. “Parliament “

Mr. Chowdhury recalls the contribution of Congress in reservation. He lauds the contribution of Rajiv Gandhi in implementing the Panchayati Raj Act.

The transaction of the House is the onus of the government, he says and raises the Pegasus issues. Treasury Benches object to it. You stick to the Bill, says the Chair.

Mr. Chowdhury says in 2018 the National Commission of OBCs. In addition to that, the rights of the State was taken away by the Centre. You are bringing this Act to correct your error. Had you listened to us, you could have saved time, he says. He claims the timing of the Bill is to coincide with the Uttar Pradesh elections.

Rajya Sabha | 12.10 pm

Raj Kumar Singh, Minister of Power says Hydropower is absolutely essential to reduce dependence on non renewable energy. Minister says that various hydropower projects that were earlier stalled will soon be resumed.

CM Ramesh, BJP MP from Andhra Pradesh asks why the Subansiri project was stalled and the cost estimation of the project and status of other Hydropower projects

Minister says project delayed due to environmental clearances. Work stopped because NGOs protested from 2010-2019. Resumed once SC dismissed all petitions by NGOs. Estimated costs 19,000 crores. Initially the estimated cost was 6,285 crores.

Vasan TMC (M), Tamil Nadu asks the government to find and make vaccines for uterus cancer accessible to women across the country.

Lok Sabha | 12.10 pm

Speaker asks the protesting members if they don’t want any discussion on the Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty-Seventh Amendment) Bill 2021, urges them to go back to their seats.

Sloganeering stops and members get back to their seats.

Minister Virendra Kumar introduces the Bill that seeks to give powers to the State to decide on OBC list. He lists the steps taken by the Union government on the welfare of OBCs.

In medical colleges, about 4,000 more seats would now be available for OBC students. This amendment will restore power of the State governments with respect to State list of OBCs, he says explaining the amendments being made in the existing Act.

Rajya Sabha | 12.00 noon

Rajya Sabha takes up Question Hour. Power Minister is answering questions on hydro-electric projects. Why not promote other renewable energy since hydo power often leads to deforestation. Raj Kumar Singh says hydro power is environment friendly. We are planting more trees to compensate deforestation.

Sloganeering continues in the House. Members chant slogans in various languages.

Lok Sabha | 12.00 noon

Lok Sabha resumes. Chair has disallowed the notices of adjournment motions on various issues. Papers being laid on the table of the House.

Opposition members have started shouting slogans.

Lok Sabha | 11.15 am

Lok Sabha adjourned till 12 p.m.

Mr. Goyal continues, “Slowly, they (e-commerce companies) were destroying competition and when the small businesses would be destroyed, consumers would be left with no option but to pay more.”

The Enforcement Directorate is conducting a probe into certain allegations, the Minister says.

“The e-commerce businesses tried to stall a probe by the Competition Commission. However, on Monday (August 9), the Supreme Court decided that Competition Commission would be allowed to conduct its investigation. In the long run, to ensure that consumers get good services, the government is taking steps.”

“We are fixing liability on e-commerce platforms to address the consumer grievances.”

Amid continuing protest and sloganeering by the Opposition, Speaker Om Birla expresses displeasure stating that he will provide opportunity for debate on any issue.

He adjourns the House till noon.

Lok Sabha | 11.05 am

E-commerce companies deatroying small businesses: Piyush Goyal

Sushil Kumar Singh asks what steps the government is taking to secure the interest of consumers and small businesses vis-a-vis big e-commerce players.

Minister Ashwini K. Choubey says “local for vocal” schemes have been launched. The Consumer Protection (E-Commerce) Rules, 2020, has been implemented, he adds.

Minister Piyush Goyal says the big e-commernce companies are gradually destroying small businesses. “In the United States also, most community shops have closed down. In India, small businesses employ about 13 crore people. After e-commerce companies were allowed to operate in India, they have taken recourse to legal complexities to further their interest. It is a matter of grave concern the world over,” he says.

Rajya Sabha | 11 am

Rajya Sabha adjourned till 12 p.m.

Rajya Sabha proceedings for the day begin.

Papers and reports being laid in the House.

As the Opposition begins to raise slogans, Chairman Venkaiah Naidu warns them that sloganeering is not allowed in the House.

Mr. Naidu says he is not allowing the notices for suspension of the business given by some Opposition members since the Pegasus issue was already discussed. He tells the members, “today, a discussion on the farmers’ issue has been listed. So, the members should let the discussion happen to send out a proper message to the farmers.”

Opposition continues to protest.

House is adjourned till 12 p.m.

Lok Sabha | 11 am

Lok Sabha resumes

Lok Sabha proceedings for the day begins.

Opposition members gather in the Well of the House, raising slogans.

Question Hour begins.

Discussions

Jairam Ramesh says govt.’s move ‘too clever-by-half’

Member Vinayak Bhaurao Raut will raise a discussion on the situation arising out of COVID-19 pandemic in the country and various aspects related to it in the Lok Sabha under Rule 193.

Member Jairam Ramesh will raise a discussion on the agricultural problems and solutions in the Rajya Sabha, according to the list of business for the day.

It is to be noted, however, that Mr. Ramesh has accused the government of putting his name in the discussion on ‘agriculture problems and solutions’ in the Rajya Sabha which is not related to his calling attention notice on farmers’ agitation, according to a PTI report.

“Tomorrow, in a too clever-by-half move the Modi Government has scheduled a discussion on ‘the agricultural problems and solutions’ and added my name to it. The discussion has nothing to do with my notice given on July 23 on the ongoing farmers’ agitation,” he tweeted on August 9.

Legislative Business

Rajya Sabha

Bill for consideration and passing

The General Insurance Business (Nationalisation) Amendment Bill, 2021

Bills for consideration and return

The Appropriation (No.4) Bill, 2021

The Appropriation (No.3) Bill, 2021

Lok Sabha

Bills for consideration and passing

The Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty-Seventh Amendment) Bill, 2021

The National Commission for Homoeopathy (Amendment) Bill, 2021

The National Commission for Indian System of Medicine (Amendment) Bill, 2021


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